Ukhilimu we-Allergy ngaphandle kwe-cortisone futhi iyiphi i-ointment engcono kakhulu ye-allergies?

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2023-09-09T17:05:11+02:00
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samar samIhlolwe ngu NancySepthemba 9, 2023Isibuyekezo sokugcina: ezinyangeni ezi-10 ezedlule

Ukhilimu we-Allergy ngaphandle kwe-cortisone

Ezingqungqutheleni zakamuva emhlabeni wezokunakekelwa kwempilo, kutholwe ukhilimu omusha othuthukisa ukwelashwa kwe-allergies ngaphandle kokusebenzisa i-cortisone. Lawa mafutha okugcoba acindezela amasosha omzimba futhi uwuhlobo lwesidakamizwa esilwa nokuvuvukala.

Odokotela bakholelwa ukuthi ukusebenzisa i-cortisone ukwelapha i-allergies kungabangela imiphumela emibi engadingeki, ngakho-ke lo khilimu uyindlela ephumelelayo nephephile kulabo abahlukunyezwa yizifo ezingapheli.

Ukhilimu we-allergies ngaphandle kwe-cortisone usetshenziswa lapho inani elincane lalo libekwe endaweni yomzimba ehlushwa yi-allergies kabili ngosuku isikhathi esithile. Lesi sikhathi sincike ohlotsheni lokungezwani komzimba nesiguli.

Nawa amanye ama-cosmetic creams angenayo i-cortisone futhi angasetshenziswa ngaphandle kwencwadi kadokotela:

  1. I-vaseline yokwelapha i-eczema - ithambisa futhi ipholise isikhumba. Itholakala ngenani eliphansi lamaphawundi angama-40 aseGibhithe.
  2. I-Allergex Cream - iqukethe ama-antihistamine asiza ukunciphisa ukungezwani komzimba nokuluma.
Ukhilimu we-Allergy ngaphandle kwe-cortisone

Iyiphi i-ointment engcono kakhulu ye-allergies?

Amafutha e-"Metaz" aqukethe isithako esisebenzayo i-mometasone engu-0.1%, okuyi-corticosteroid enamandla esebenza ukunciphisa ukuvuvukala nokuzwela esikhumbeni. Lawa mafutha anconywa ekwelapheni izifo zesikhumba, futhi angasetshenziswa isikhathi eside ngaphandle kwemiphumela ecasulayo.

Uma amafutha e-"Metaz" engekho, amanye ama-anti-allergic creams angasetshenziswa. Kulawa okhilimu ungasebenzisa ukhilimu othi "Dermabet", oqukethe i-hydrocortisone futhi osebenza ukukhulula ukulunywa nokubomvu kwesikhumba.

Ngokuqondene nokukhanyisa ithoni yesikhumba kanye nokususa i-tan ebangelwa ukungezwani komzimba nezinye izifo zesikhumba, ukhilimu "Elisone" ubhekwa njengendlela efanelekile. Lo khilimu uqukethe izithako zemvelo ezisiza ukususa imiphumela yama-pimples kanye nokushiswa nokukhanyisa ithoni yesikhumba.

Ingabe wonke ama-allergy creams ane-cortisone?

Ngokusabalala kwezinkinga zokungezwani nomzimba kanye nezifo zesikhumba, abantu abaningi baphendukela ekusebenziseni okhilimu abakhethekile kanye nezinto zokugcoba ukwelapha lezi zinkinga. Phakathi kwezithako ezivamile ezinomphumela wokwelapha kumakhilimu aphikisayo, i-cortisone ifika kuqala.

Amakhilimu amaningi okungezwani komzimba nezinto zokugcoba aqukethe i-cortisone, uhlobo lwe-anti-inflammatory kanye ne-allergic steroid. I-Cortisone isetshenziswe iminyaka eminingi kwezokwelapha ukwelapha izimo ezihlukahlukene, kuhlanganise nokuphazamiseka kokungezwani komzimba nezifo zesikhumba.

Kodwa-ke, ukusetshenziswa kwe-cortisone kungase futhi kuhlotshaniswe nemiphumela engemihle engaba khona, njengokuluma kwesikhumba, ukuguquguquka kwesikhumba, nokulahlekelwa umchamo, kanye nokuncika isikhathi eside kulokhu kulungiswa, okungase kubangele umphumela omubi esikhumbeni esikhathini eside. ithemu.

Isinqumo sokusebenzisa i-cortisone kumakhilimu e-anti-allergies sincike ohlotsheni lwe-allergies kanye nokubekezelela komuntu imiphumela emibi engaba khona. Odokotela bavamise ukuhlola isimo bese bekhetha ukunikeza i-cortisone, ikakhulukazi ezimeni zokungezwani komzimba kakhulu.

Kodwa-ke, zikhona ezinye izindlela ezitholakalayo emakethe, ezifana nokhilimu we-hypoallergenic engenayo i-cortisone. Phakathi kwalezi zindlela, kukhona okhilimu abaqukethe izinto ezisebenzayo ezifana ne-histamine nezinye izinhlanganisela.

Ukhilimu we-Allergy ngaphandle kwe-cortisone

Indlela yokwelapha i-allergies yesikhumba ekhaya?

Ukungezwani komzimba nesikhumba kungenye yezinkinga ezivamile abantu abaningi ababhekana nazo, futhi abaningi bafuna izindlela zokwelapha ekhaya. Ngokusebenzisa amakhambi emvelo, abantu ngabanye bangakhulula futhi bapholise izimpawu zokungezwani nesikhumba.

Ijeli ye-Aloe vera ingenye yezindlela zokwelapha eziphumelela kakhulu futhi ezaziwa kakhulu ekwelapheni ukungezwani komzimba nesikhumba, njengoba iqukethe izinto ezilwa nokuvuvukala nezipholile esikhumbeni. Ngenxa yokwakheka kwayo, ijeli ye-aloe vera yelapha ukuqubuka, ithambisa isikhumba, izilonda zesisu, i-eczema, futhi iqede imihuzuko namanxeba.

Ngaphandle kwejeli yenhlaba, kunamakhambi emvelo amaningana angasetshenziswa ekhaya ukwelapha ukungezwani nesikhumba. Isibonelo, ungasebenzisa iVaseline etholakala ekhaya lakho ukuthambisa isikhumba futhi udambise ukungezwani komzimba, ikakhulukazi ebusika. Ungasebenzisa futhi i-sunscreen ngaphambi kokuphuma endlini ukuze uvikele isikhumba ekukhanyeni kwelanga okuyingozi.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-baking soda ingasetshenziselwa ukuthambisa isikhumba esibucayi, njengoba ilungisa i-pH yesikhumba futhi ikhulule ukuzwela nokucasuka. Ungakwazi futhi ukusebenzisa izimbali ze-chamomile, eziqukethe amafutha aguquguqukayo abalulekile emzimbeni futhi asize ukuqeda ukungezwani kwesikhumba.

Ngiyiqeda kanjani i-allergies unomphela?

Ukuminyana emakhaleni nokulahlekelwa umuzwa wokuhogela kungaba izimpawu ezikhathazayo kubantu abane-rhinitis eguliswa yi-allergic. Nakuba kungekho ukwelashwa okuqondile kwalesi simo, imiphumela yaso ingancishiswa ngemithi nokulawula izinto ezingezwani nomzimba.

UDkt. Zainab Al-Alawi, onguchwepheshe we-allergies, ubonisa ukuthi ama-antihistamine angenye yezindlela ezitholakalayo zokudambisa izimpawu ze-rhinitis eguquguqukayo. Umkhathi wothuli ungasiza ekwehliseni imiphumela ye-allergies kubantu abathintekile.

Ngokuqondene nokungezwani komzimba nesifuba, odokotela bavame ukucela iziguli ezinenkinga yokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile ukuthi zibhale amaphuzu nsuku zonke ngokudla ezikudlayo, ukuze zikwazi ukubona lokho kudla okungase kubangele ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile futhi ziqhelelane nakho.

Ngokuqondene nokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba, ukwelashwa kungase kuhlanganise ukuthambisa isikhumba, ukusigcina sihlanzekile, nokusebenzisa izinto zokuthambisa ezikhethekile ukuze kuncishiswe ukulunywa nokuminyana.
Phakathi kwalezi zindlela zokwelapha, kunconywa ukugeza izono njalo usebenzisa amanzi afudumele nosawoti ukuze uhlakaze futhi ukhiphe i-mucus, okusiza ukuthambisa ulwelwesi lwamakhala.

Kuvelaphi ukungezwani nesikhumba?

Ukungezwani nesikhumba yisimo sokucasuka esenzeka ngenxa yokusabela kwamasosha omzimba kokuthile okungaphandle okuhlangana nesikhumba. Nakuba ukungezwani komzimba kungase kungabi nangozi, kungabangela izimpawu ezicasulayo kakhulu. Lokhu kusabela kubizwa ngokuthi ukungezwani komzimba.

Kunezizathu eziningana zokuthi isikhumba singezwani nesikhumba, okuhlanganisa ukuthintana kwesikhumba nezimonyo eziqukethe izinto ezithile ezifana ne-formaldehydes nama-parabens. Olunye uhlobo lokungezwani komzimba nokuqubuka lungavela ngenxa yokuthintana kwesikhumba namakhemikhali afana nalawo asetshenziswa ekuhlanzeni.

Izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba ngokuvamile zivela esikhumbeni ngokwaso, emathuneni, emgudwini wokuphefumula, noma ohlelweni lokugaya ukudla. Ubukhulu balezi zimpawu buyahlukahluka esimweni ngasinye.

Phakathi kwezinkinga zesikhumba ezivamile, i-atopic dermatitis - eyaziwa nangokuthi i-eczema - ingenye yezimo ezivame kakhulu ezibangela ukungezwani komzimba nesikhumba. Lolu hlobo lwe-allergies lungabangela ukulunywa, ukuba bomvu, nokunwebeka esikhumbeni.

Ngingakuqeda kanjani ukungezwani komzimba?

Ukuzwela kwesikhumba, ukucasuka kanye nokuluma ngezinye zezinto ezicasulayo abantu abaningi ababhekana nazo ekuphileni kwabo kwansuku zonke. Ukulunywa kungase kube kubi kakhulu ngokuzivocavoca noma ukuphuza utshwala futhi kungase kuhambisane nokuvuvukala.

Kunezindlela eziningi zokuqeda ukungezwani komzimba nokukhulula izimpawu zayo. Ukugwema ama-allergener kuyisixazululo esingcono kakhulu. Uma lokhu kungenakwenzeka, imithi kadokotela esekelwe ohlotsheni lokungezwani komzimba ingasetshenziswa ukunciphisa ukusabela kwamasosha omzimba futhi kudambise izimpawu.

Ngaphezu kokwelashwa kwezidakamizwa, kunezindlela ezintsha zemvelo zokwelapha i-acne eguliswayo. Isibonelo, amalungiselelo emvelo angasetshenziswa ukulawula i-dermatitis, ukuqubuka kanye ne-eczema. I-chamomile yaseJalimane ingasetshenziswa futhi ukukhulula ukuvuvukala kwesikhumba kanye nokuluma ngokubeka amathisipuni ambalwa amaqabunga ayo esikhumbeni.

Ingabe ikhona indlela yokwelapha eqondile yokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba?

Ulwazi olutholakalayo luthi ezimeni zokungezwani komzimba kakhulu nesikhumba, isiguli singaqondiswa ukuthi sibonane nodokotela wesikhumba noma udokotela wesikhumba ukuze axilonge futhi alaphe ngendlela efanele inkinga. Kodwa-ke, ezimweni eziningi kungase kugxilwe ekwelapheni izimpawu esikhundleni sokwelashwa okuqondile kwe-allergies.

Nawa amanye amathiphu angacatshangelwa ukusiza ukwelapha ukungezwani komzimba nesikhumba nokukhulula ukulunywa nokubabomvu:

  1. Sebenzisa izinto zokuthambisa isikhumba: Ukusebenzisa izinto zokuthambisa isikhumba kungase kube usizo ekwehliseni ukoma nokuzwela okupholile.
  2. I-Allergy immunotherapy: I-Allergy immunotherapy ingabandakanya ukuphatha kancane kancane imithamo yezinto ezingezwani nomzimba, kuqala ngaphansi kolimi noma ngokuzijova esikhumbeni.
  3. Ukusetshenziswa kwemithi ye-antihistamine: Imithi ye-antihistamine efana namaphilisi e-sinus kanye ne-anti-allergies kanye ne-Compol (amaphilisi okulwa nokungezwani komzimba) ayizindlela zokwelapha ezivamile zokuqeda ukulunywa nokuvuvukala.
  4. Phuza iziphuzo ezipholile: Ukuphuza ingilazi yamanzi noma ukuphuza iziphuzo ezipholile njengetiye le-herbal kungase kube usizo ekudambiseni ukucasuka futhi kudambise izimpawu.
  5. Ukwelashwa ngamakhambi emvelo: Amanye amakhambi emvelo, anjengejinja, angasetshenziswa ukwelapha ukungezwani nesikhumba futhi kudambise izimpawu.

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Kubukeka kanjani ukungezwani komzimba nesikhumba?

Ukungezwani nesikhumba yisimo sokucasuka okubangelwa ukusabela kwamasosha omzimba entweni yangaphandle ehlangana nesikhumba. Le nto ngokuvamile ayinabungozi, futhi ukusabela okunjalo kwe-allergic kubizwa ngokuthi ukungezwani komzimba.

Olunye uhlobo lokwaliwa kwesikhumba yi-contact dermatitis. Lolu hlobo lokuvuvukala lubangelwa ukuthintana kwesikhumba ne-allergen. Isikhumba singase sibukeke singehlukile kunokujwayelekile, noma singase sivuvukele, sibe namabhamuza noma sibe namabhamuza, kuye ngembangela yokulunywa.

I-dermatitis yokuxhumana ingase ibonakale njengokulunywa kuphela endaweni ethile yomzimba. Lapho isikhumba sihlangana nento ecasulayo noma ye-allergenic, i-dermatitis yokuxhumana ibonakala njengendlela yokusabela kuyo. Izimpawu zingabandakanya ukuqubuka, amabhamuza, nokuba bomvu kwesikhumba.

Izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba ziyahlukahluka kuye ngohlobo lwe-allergies. Endabeni ye-eczema, kungase kubonakale ukuqubuka okomile okubangela ukulunywa okukhulu Indawo ethintekile ingase ibe nama-scaly futhi ibe bomvu, futhi ingase ithinte ubuso, izandla, nezindololwane.

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi yiluphi uhlobo lokungezwani komzimba enginalo?

Ngokuvamile, ukuxilongwa okunembile kohlobo lokungezwani komzimba kunzima ngaphandle kweseluleko sezokwelapha. Eqinisweni, izimpawu zingase zihluke futhi zivele ngezindlela ezihlukene kuye ngokuthi umuntu kanye nokungezwani komzimba okukhona.

Kodwa-ke, kunezinyathelo ezithile ezingathathwa ukuze wazi uhlobo oluqondile lwe-allergies:

  1. Naka izimpawu: Gada izimpawu ezibonakala emzimbeni wakho ngemva kokuchayeka ezintweni ezingase ziguge, njengokuthimula njalo noma ukuba bomvu emehlweni.
  2. Ukubonisana nodokotela: Kunconywa ukuthi uvakashele i-allergist kanye ne-immunologist ongahlola isimo sakho futhi enze izivivinyo ezidingekayo ukuze anqume uhlobo lwe-allergies. Lokhu kungase kuhlanganise ukuhlolwa okukhethekile kwe-serum immunoglobulin E, ukuhlolwa kwe-allergen radiosorbent noma ukuhlolwa kwe-molecular susceptibility test.
  3. Naka isikhathi nobuningi bezimpawu: Kungase kube usizo ukulandelela isikhathi nemvamisa yezimpawu bese uzibhala kudayari yakho, njengoba lokhu kungasiza udokotela ahlonze uhlobo olufanele lokungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile.
  4. Gwema izinto ezingase zibangele: Uma uhlobo lwe-allergies ohlushwayo lunqunyiwe, kungaba usizo ukuqhela ezintweni ezikubangela ukuthi izimpawu zakho zigweme izinkinga futhi unciphise umphumela olimazayo empilweni yakho.

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