Ukusungulwa kukagesi, incazelo kagesi kanye nezinhlobo zawo

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Ukusungulwa kukagesi

Okunye okubalulekile nokubalulekile okutholakele emlandweni wesintu ukutholakala kukagesi. Lokhu kutholakala kwashintsha imikhakha eyahlukene futhi kwaholela ekushintsheni okukhulu ezimpilweni zabantu.

  1. Ukonga Amandla: Ukusebenzisa ugesi ukukhiqiza amandla kuyindlela ephumelelayo nehlanzekile yokuhlinzeka ngezidingo zethu zamandla. Angasetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa amafekthri, ukukhanya kwezindlu, nokusebenzisa izinto zikagesi, ezisiza ekukhuphuleni izinga lempilo yomuntu.
  2. Ukuxhumana: Ukusungulwa kukagesi kwavumela ukuthuthukiswa komhlaba wezokuxhumana kanye nokuvela kwezindlela zokuxhumana zesimanje ezifana nezingcingo kanye ne-inthanethi. Abantu bangaxhumana bodwa besuka kwenye indawo baye kwenye besebenzisa ugesi, besekela ukuxhumana komphakathi, imfundo kanye nezamabhizinisi.
  3. Ukuthuthukiswa kobuchwepheshe: Ukusungulwa kukagesi kube negalelo elikhulu ekuthuthukisweni kobuchwepheshe. Manje sesiyakwazi ukwenza izinto zikagesi ezithuthukile neziqanjiwe ezifana nama-smartphone, amakhompyutha, kanye nemishini yezokwelapha, okuneqhaza ekuthuthukiseni izimpilo zethu kanye nokwandisa umkhiqizo wethu.
  4. Inqubekelaphambili yesayensi: Ukusungulwa kukagesi kwanikeza amathuba amasha ocwaningo lwesayensi nokuhlola emkhakheni we-physics, chemistry, nezokwelapha. Ubuye waba nesandla ekuthuthukisweni kwemishini yesayensi nemishini elinganisekayo, esiza ukwandisa ulwazi lwethu nokuqonda kwethu umhlaba.
  5. Impilo Nokunethezeka: Ukuthola kunikeze amandla intuthuko enkulu ekunakekelweni kwezempilo nokunethezeka komuntu siqu. Izimpumelelo ezifana nemishini yezokwelapha ethuthukisiwe, izinto zokushisisa nokupholisa, nezinto zikagesi zasendlini zifaka isandla ekuvikeleni impilo yethu nokwenza izimpilo zethu zibe lula futhi zikhululeke kakhudlwana.
  6. Ukuthuthukiswa Komnotho: Ukusungulwa kukagesi kusize ekukhuleni komnotho okubonakalayo emhlabeni wonke. Ukusetshenziswa kukagesi kukhuphule ukukhiqizwa kwezimboni ezihlukahlukene kanye nenethiwekhi yezokuthutha nezokuxhumana eyenziwe ngcono, okuholele ekudaleni amathuba emisebenzi amasha kanye nokutshalwa kwezimali kwanda.
  7. Ukulondoloza indawo ezungezile: Singasebenzisa ugesi ngendlela ehlanzekile nenobungani nemvelo ngokusebenzisa imithombo yamandla avuselelekayo njengamandla elanga nomoya. Lokhu kunciphisa ukungcola okubangelwa ukusetshenziswa kwemithombo yamandla evamile njengamalahle namafutha.

Ukusungulwa kukagesi kuwuguquko lwangempela emlandweni wesintu. Kwenze izimpilo zethu zanethezeka, zathuthukiswa futhi zathuthukiswa, futhi kwasiza ukuzuza izimpumelelo eziningi emikhakheni eminingi. Kuwukutholwa okubalulekile kithi namuhla nasesikhathini esizayo.

Incazelo kagesi nezinhlobo zawo

Ugesi ungenye yezinhlobo zamandla ezidume kakhulu ezikhiqizwa futhi zisetshenziswe ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke. Ugesi uthathwa njengamandla asebenza kahle kakhulu futhi onga isikhathi, futhi udlala indima ebalulekile ekusebenzeni kwezibani, izinto zasendlini nezimboni, amakhompyutha, ama-smartphone, ngisho nasezimotweni zikagesi ezisebenza. Nazi izinhlobo ezahlukene zikagesi:

  1. I-Static Electricity:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi lukhiqizwa lapho ibhalansi phakathi kwamashaji avumayo kanye namabi ishintsha ngokungalingani, okuholela ekunqwabeleni kwezindleko zikagesi ezintweni.
    • Umthelela walolu hlobo lukagesi ubonakala uma inhlansi kagesi ithintwa ucezu lwensimbi ngemva kokunyathela kukhaphethi.
  2. I-Direct Current - ugesi we-DC:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi lukhiqizwa ngokugeleza kwamanje ohlangothini olulodwa kuphela.
    • Ivamise ukusetshenziswa kumabhethri ezimoto nasezintweni ezincane zasendlini njengemisakazo namathelevishini.
  3. Ukushintshanisa Ugesi Wamanje:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi lukhiqizwa i-oscillating current ngezikhathi ezithile, lapho isiqondiso samanje sishintsha izikhathi eziningi ngomzuzwana.
    • Isetshenziswa emhlabeni wonke ezindlini zethu, ezindaweni zokusebenza kanye namagridi kagesi omphakathi, njengoba kulula ukuyihambisa ngokuhamba amabanga amade.
  4. Ugesi Welanga:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi lukhiqizwa kusetshenziswa imisebe yelanga kusetshenziswa amaseli elanga.
    • Amandla elanga angenye yezinhlobo zikagesi ezihlanzekile nezisimeme kakhulu.
  5. Ugesi wamanzi:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi luphehlwa kusetshenziswa amandla amanzi agelezayo emifuleni nasemadamini.
    • Ugesi wamanzi ungumthombo wamandla ovuselelekayo futhi unezinzuzo ezibalulekile zemvelo.
  6. Ugesi Wenuzi:
    • Lolu hlobo lukagesi lukhiqizwa kusetshenziswa i-nuclear fission reactions ngaphakathi kwe-nuclear reactor.
    • Ukusetshenziswa kukagesi wenuzi kuyimpikiswano, ngenxa yezingozi ezingase zibe khona zokungcoliswa kwenyukliya.

Ubani owasungula ugesi?Thomas Alva Edison I-Al-Marsal

Ubani owaqala ukuvundulula ugesi?

Ubani owaqala ukuvundulula ugesi? Lena eminye yemibuzo ethokozisayo neyimpikiswano emhlabeni wesayensi nobuchwepheshe. Ucwaningo lukagesi luhlehlela emuva emakhulwini amaningi eminyaka, lapho ukuhlolwa okuningi nokutholwa kuye kwabhalwa. Ngezansi kunohlu lososayensi abadumile ababa neqhaza elibalulekile ekutholakaleni kukagesi:

  1. UWilliam Gilbert (1544-1603):
    UWilliam Gilbert uthathwa njengomunye wososayensi bokuqala ukucwaninga ngogesi. UGilbert wachaza igama elithi "ugesi" futhi wathola ubuhlobo bawo nozibuthe. Waphinde wakha umshini wokuqala wokulinganisa amandla kagesi.
  2. U-Humphry Davy (1648-1727):
    U-Humphry Davy wayengusosayensi oyiNgisi kanye nosokhemisi obambe iqhaza ocwaningweni lwe-triboelectricity. Wenza uchungechunge lwezilingo ezifake isandla ekuqondeni okujulile ngogesi.
  3. UBenjamin Franklin (1706 - 1790):
    UBenjamin Franklin, owaziwa nangokuthi "umtholi kagesi," wenza ucwaningo oludumile ngo-1752 AD lapho ethula ikhayithi emkhathini, eyabangela amandla kagesi. Udlale indima ebalulekile ekuthuthukiseni ukuqonda kwethu umcimbi kagesi nasekuthuthukiseni ubuchwepheshe bamalambu okukhanya.
  4. UThomas Edison (1847-1931):
    UThomas Edison uthathwa njengomunye wabaqambi abavelele emlandweni, kodwa empeleni akazange athole ugesi njengoba ayecabanga. U-Edison wenza izinto ezintsha eziningi ezibalulekile kwezobuchwepheshe, okuhlanganisa ukusungulwa kwesibani kanye nokuthuthukiswa kwesistimu yokusabalalisa ugesi yamanje.

Nakuba kunzima ukunquma ngokuhlanganyela ukuthi ubani othole ugesi, laba sosayensi benze iminikelo ebalulekile enomthelela ekuqondeni kwethu kwamanje ugesi kanye nokusetshenziswa kwawo. Ukutholwa kukagesi kuye kwavela ezizukulwaneni ngezizukulwane, kuhlinzeka ngezinto ezintsha kanye nobuchwepheshe obulolonge umhlaba wethu namuhla.

Uyini umehluko phakathi kokukhanya nogesi?

Ukukhanya nogesi yizigigaba ezimbili emhlabeni wenyama abantu abaxhumana nazo nsuku zonke. Nakuba zombili zinendawo yonke ebonakalayo, ziyehluka ezicini eziningi. Nawu umehluko phakathi kwabo:

  1. incazelo:
  • Ukukhanya: kubhekisela emandleni akhazimulayo atholwa umuzwa wokubona weso lomuntu. Kuwuhlobo lwemisebe kagesi ebonakalayo.
  • Ugesi: Ukugeleza kwamaza ahambayo eshaje kagesi ekhondathani elingazweli kancane, njengezintambo nezinto zikagesi.
  1. Umthombo:
  • Ukukhanya: kukhishwa emithonjeni yemvelo efana nelanga, izinto ezishisayo, nezigaba ezikhanyayo zento.
  • Ugesi: Ukhiqizwa ngama-transformer, amajeneretha, amabhethri neminye imithombo yamandla kagesi.
  1. Ikhwalithi:
  • Ukukhanya: Iwuhlobo lomsebe we-electromagnetic, ongasabalala endaweni engenalutho.
  • Ugesi: Uhlobo olukhethekile lwamandla athwalwa amashaji kagesi, ahamba ngezintambo ukuze aqedele amasekhethi kagesi.
  1. umthelela:
  • Ukukhanya: Kunomthelela ekwazisweni nasekukwazini ukubona izinto.
  • Ugesi: Unomthelela ezinsizeni zokusebenza nasekudluliseni amandla kagesi kumasekhethi kagesi.
  1. Izicelo:
  • Ukukhanya: Kusetshenziswa ezinhlelweni eziningi ezinjengokukhanyisa, ukuthwebula izithombe, nokudlulisa imininingwane ngemicu yokubona.
  • Ugesi: Usetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa izinto zasendlini nezimboni, ukukhiqiza ukushisa nomsindo, nokudlulisa amandla ngamakhebula kagesi.

Sengiphetha, nakuba ukukhanya nogesi kungabelana ngezici ezithile zomzimba, ngayinye inezakhiwo zayo ezihlukile kanye nemiphumela ehlukile. Ukuqonda umehluko phakathi kwazo kusisiza ukuba siwasebenzise ngendlela efanele nangempumelelo ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke.

Uyini umehluko phakathi kokukhanya nogesi?

Uyini umthombo kagesi?

Selokhu kwatholakala ugesi nokusetshenziswa kwawo ngezinjongo ezihlukahlukene, ugesi usuyingxenye ebalulekile yokuphila kwethu kwansuku zonke. Kodwa siwuthathaphi ugesi? Lapha sizothatha isifinyezo semithombo kagesi eyinhloko.

  1. Imithombo yendabuko:
  • Amalahle: Amalahle angomunye wemithombo yamandla emidala kakhulu esetshenziswa ukuphehla ugesi. Kushiswa amalahle ezitshalweni ukuze kushiswe amanzi bese ephenduka abe isitimu esisetshenziselwa ukuqhuba amajeneretha.
  • Igesi yemvelo: Igesi yemvelo iphinde isetshenziselwe ukusebenzisa izitshalo zikagesi, njengoba ishiswa ukushisisa amanzi futhi ikhiqize isitimu.
  • Amafutha: Uhlelo olufana negesi yemvelo namalahle lusetshenziswa kusetshenziswa uwoyela njengesibaseli ukukhiqiza isitimu.
  1. Imithombo evuselelekayo:
  • Amandla amanzi: Amandla amanzi asetshenziswa emadamini nasemifudlaneni ukuhambisa izingxenye ezihambayo kumajeneretha kagesi futhi aphehle ugesi.
  • Amandla elanga: Ukukhanya okuvela elangeni kusetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza ugesi kusetshenziswa amaseli elanga. Amandla elanga abhekwa njengenye yemithombo yamandla ehlanzekile futhi esimeme kakhulu.
  • Amandla omoya: Izitshalo zamandla omoya zisebenzisa izinjini zomoya ukuguqula ukunyakaza komoya kube amandla kagesi.
  1. Eminye imithombo:
  • Amandla enuzi: Asebenzisa ukuqhekeka kwama-athomu ukushisisa amanzi nokukhiqiza isitimu kumajeneretha amandla.
  • I-Bioenergy: Ukusetshenziswa kwezinto eziphilayo ezifana namakhasi ezithelo nemfucuza yezolimo ukukhiqiza igesi ye-methane, esetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza ugesi.

Kuyacaca ukuthi kunezinhlobonhlobo zemithombo kagesi esithembele kuyo ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke. Eminyakeni yakamuva, ukusetshenziswa kwemithombo kagesi ovuselelekayo kwenyuke kakhulu ngenxa yokwanda kokuzinikela kwethu ekulondolozeni imvelo kanye nentuthuko esimeme.

Uthi bewazi?

  • Ugesi ungumthombo wesibili wamandla, njengoba ezinye izinhlobo zamandla ziguqulwa zibe ugesi.
  • Ugesi udluliswa futhi usakazwe kugridi kagesi ukuze udlulisele amandla kubathengi.

Ekugcineni, ukuqhubekela ekusetshenzisweni kwemithombo kagesi ovuselelekayo kuyisinyathelo esibalulekile ekuguqukeleni ekusaseni lamandla ahlanzekile nelisimeme.

Ubani owasungula ukukhanya?

Njengoba abafundi bebuza imibuzo mayelana nokuthi ubani owasungula ukukhanya, sanquma ukuhlola iqiniso lalokhu kusungulwa okubalulekile. Ake sicabangele abantu abangu-5 ababalulekile ababambe iqhaza ekuthuthukisweni nasekusetshenzisweni kokukhanya.

  1. I-Al-Farabi:
    U-Ahmad ibn Hawqal al-Farabi (Al-Farabi), usosayensi nesazi sefilosofi sama-Arab wangenkathi ephakathi, waba ngowokuqala ukwakha ithiyori yokukhanya ehlanganisa imibono yangaphambili yokubona emakhulwini eminyaka ngaphambi kokutholwa kukaThomas Edison. U-Al-Farabi wathola umthetho we-refraction futhi wasebenzisa lolu lwazi ukuchaza ukuthi izinto zibonakala kanjani nokuthi izithombe zivela kanjani.
  2. Ibn al-Haytham:
    U-Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (Ibn al-Haytham), esinye isazi sama-Arabhu senkathi ephakathi, wafunda isibuko futhi wasebenzisa ithiyori ukuchaza ukusebenza kwesibuko esihlukanisiwe. Thola futhi ukuthi ukukhanya okuvela elangeni kuhamba kanjani futhi kwenza imibala.
  3. UJoseph Swan:
    Usosayensi waseBrithani uJoseph Swan angase athathwe njengembangi yokuqala yomsunguli waseMelika uThomas Edison. Esikhathini esingangonyaka ngaphambi kokuba u-Edison asungule isibani e-United States ngo-1879, i-Sowan yakhiqiza isibani esasisebenzisa usilika ogcotshwe nge-carbon njengomcu nokucindezela ukushisa. Le nqubo ibonakale isebenza kahle kakhulu futhi isetshenziswe kabanzi eYurophu.
  4. U-Nikola Tesla:
    Umsunguli waseSerbia-America u-Nikola Tesla uklame amamotho kagesi asetshenziswa ekuthuthukisweni kokuqala kokukhanya kukagesi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wenze iminikelo ebalulekile ekudluliseni amandla angenantambo kanye nokusetshenziswa kokukhishwa kukagesi ekukhiqizeni ukukhanya.
  5. UThomas Edison:
    Ngo-1879, umsunguli waseMelika uThomas Edison wasungula isibani sokukhanya sokuhweba futhi waqala ukusikhiqiza ngobuningi. U-Edison wasebenzisa ngokunenzuzo izinto ezintsha zangaphambilini futhi wathuthukisa ubuchwepheshe besibani esisakaza ukusetshenziswa kokukhanya ezindlini nasemigwaqweni.

Ekugcineni, kufanele sivume ukuthi umbuzo wokuthi ubani owasungula ukukhanya akuyona nje eyomuntu oyedwa. Kube nemizamo ehlanganyelwe kanye neminikelo eminingi kuwo wonke umlando, okwasiza ekwakhiweni kwalokhu okusunguliwe okubalulekile, okwathuthukiswa futhi kwasetshenziswa ososayensi nabasunguli abaningana.

Ubani owasungula ugesi? - Futhi izigaba zokuthuthuka kwayo - I-Electronic Bubble

Ingabe ukhona ugesi emvelweni?

XNUMX. Ukuduma kwezulu:
Lapho isibhakabhaka sibona ukuduma kwezulu okukhazimulayo, kungenxa yokuba khona kokukhishwa kukagesi okungokwemvelo. Lokhu kukhishwa kuhlanganisa amashaji kagesi anamandla amakhulu ahamba phakathi kwamafu nomhlaba, akhiqize umbani nokuduma. Ugesi esiwubona kulezi zivunguvungu uwumphumela wokusabela kwe-electrochemical emkhathini.

XNUMX. Izinkambu zikazibuthe:
Izinkambu zikazibuthe zidalwe kumaplanethi, izinkanyezi, ngisho nasekujuleni koMhlaba. Isibonelo, izindawo ezinozibuthe ezisemoyeni woMhlaba zikhiqizwa amaza nokunyakaza kwensimbi encibilikisiwe. Lezi zindawo zakha umphumela kazibuthe ongalinganiswa futhi usetshenziswe kubuchwepheshe obufana nekhampasi.

XNUMX. amandla elanga:
Ilanga liwumthombo wemvelo kagesi. Ilanga likhiqiza amandla kazibuthe kagesi abizwa ngokuthi imisebe yelanga, engasetshenziswa ukukhiqiza ugesi ngamaphaneli elanga. Lapho iphaneli ivezwa emisebeni yelanga, umphumela we-photovoltaic uyenzeka oguqula ukukhanya okutholiwe kube umbane kagesi.

XNUMX. Ukukhishwa kukagesi okuphansi:
Ukukhishwa kukagesi kwenzeka ngendlela yama-tile pads, abizwa ngokuthi “buzz,” avela ezindaweni eziphakeme emhlabathini. Lokhu kuphuma kubangelwa ukusebenzisana kukazibuthe phakathi komhlaba nomkhathi ozungezile.

XNUMX. Amabhethri amanzi:
Amabhethri amanzi aguqula amandla amakhemikhali emanzini abe amandla kagesi. Lawa mabhethri aqukethe ama-electrode amabili enziwe ngezinsimbi ezahlukene, njengethusi ne-zinc, futhi ugesi ukhiqizwa ngokuhlangana kwamakhemikhali phakathi kwamanzi nezinsimbi.

XNUMX. I-Electrostatic friction:
Ukunyakaza kwezinye izinto ezingezona e-conductive, njengezinwele ezigoqene noma ipulasitiki, kubangela ukungqubuzana nokuhlukaniswa kwamashaji kagesi. Lokhu kungabonakala, isibonelo, ekuhlolweni kwe-electrostatic, lapho kukhiqizwa inhlansi encane lapho izinwele ezigobile ziqondiswa.

Sengiphetha, sithola ukuthi ugesi awugcini nje ezintanjeni nasezixhunyweni esizisebenzisayo ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke, kodwa utholakala nasezintweni eziningi zemvelo ezisizungezile. Uma uzibuza ukuthi ukhona yini ugesi emvelweni, impendulo inguyebo, futhi izibonelo esizibalile ziyakufakazela lokhu.

Iliphi izwe lokuqala lama-Arab ukwethula ugesi?

Ugesi uthathwa njengenye yezinto ezintsha eziqavile eziguqule impilo yomuntu nokwenza kube lula ukuthi abantu benze imisebenzi yansuku zonke. Kuyo yonke iminyaka, amazwe amaningi aye afaka ugesi ezindaweni zawo, kodwa yiliphi izwe lokuqala lama-Arab ukwenza kanjalo? Kulesi sihloko, sizobuyekeza izwe lokuqala lama-Arab ukwethula ugesi.

Impendulo ithi...i-Iraq!

Ngo-1917, ugesi wethulwa eSifundazweni Sase-Iraq okokuqala, ngesikhathi sikaMongameli ongasekho uSaddam Hussein. Lena impumelelo enkulu yomlando ye-Iraq kanye nasemazweni ama-Arab jikelele.

Ngaphambi kwalokho, amazwe ase-Arab ahlushwa izimo ezinzima zasogwadule kanye nokuntuleka kokuthuthukiswa kwezobuchwepheshe. Ngokwethulwa kukagesi, i-Iraq yaqala ukuwusebenzisa ukwenza lula izimpilo zezakhamizi nokuthuthukisa imikhakha ebalulekile efana nezimboni, ezokuthutha kanye nezolimo.

Kusukela lapho, i-Iraq ibone intuthuko emangalisayo emkhakheni kagesi, yaze yaba omunye wabahlinzeki bakawoyela ababaluleke kakhulu emhlabeni. Njengamanje i-Iraq ithathwa njengelinye lamazwe abaluleke kakhulu emhlabeni wama-Arab ngenxa yokuhlinzeka ngogesi ezakhamuzini zayo kanye nokuthekelisa kwawo kwamanye amazwe amaningi.

Ukwethulwa kukagesi e-Iraq ngo-1917 kuthathwa njengempumelelo eyingqophamlando abantu base-Iraq namazwe ama-Arab okufanele baziqhenye ngayo. Ukuhlinzeka ngogesi emiphakathini kuholela ekuthuthukisweni kwezinga lempilo kanye nentuthuko yezomnotho nezobuchwepheshe.

Ubaluleke ngani ugesi empilweni yomuntu?

Ugesi uthathwa njengenye yezinsiza zesimanje ezibaluleke kakhulu esezibalulekile empilweni yomuntu. Badlala indima ebalulekile ezicini ezihlukahlukene zokuphila kwethu kwansuku zonke, kungaba sekhaya, imboni, imfundo, ukunakekelwa kwezempilo, njll.

1. Ukuthuthukiswa kwendlela yokuphila yasekhaya: Ugesi ubalulekile ekhaya, njengoba usetshenziselwa ukunika amandla izinto zasendlini nezikagesi njengesiqandisi, umshini wokuwasha, ithelevishini, ikhompuyutha nezinto ezisebenza ngokukhanyisa. Ugesi unomthelela ekwenzeni ngcono impilo yasekhaya futhi unikeze ukunethezeka nokunethezeka kumalungu omndeni.

2. Ukwandisa umkhiqizo wezimboni: Ugesi uthathwa njengensika ebalulekile emkhakheni wezimboni. Zisetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa imishini yezimboni kanye nemishini, okunomthelela ekwandiseni umkhiqizo kanye nokwenza ngcono izinga lemikhiqizo. Ngenxa kagesi, izimboni nezinkampani zingasebenza kahle futhi zithole impumelelo enkulu ezinqubweni zokukhiqiza.

3. Ukuthuthukisa umkhakha wezolimo: Ugesi udlala indima ebalulekile ekuthuthukiseni umkhakha wezolimo. Zisetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa amaphampu amanzi, izinhlelo zokunisela, kanye nemishini yokupholisa ukuze kugcinwe izitshalo nemikhiqizo yezolimo. Ngogesi, abalimi bangakhuphula umkhiqizo wabo, bathuthukise izinga lezitshalo, futhi bakhulise amapulazi abo.

4. Ukugqugquzela inqubo yemfundo: Ugesi udlala indima ebalulekile emkhakheni wezemfundo. Zisetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa izinto zikagesi kanye nobuchwepheshe bezemfundo obufana namakhompyutha, izikrini ezihlakaniphile, nomsindo. Ukutholakala kukagesi kunomthelela ekwenzeni lula inqubo yokufunda nokuthuthukisa amakhono phakathi kwabafundi.

5. Ukudala imizila emisha yokuhweba: Ugesi uthuthukisa umnotho wamazwe futhi uvula ama-horizons amasha ohwebo. Asetshenziselwa ukunika amandla amawebhusayithi e-e-commerce, iziteshi zikaphethiloli, imishini yokukhokha ngogesi, futhi anike amandla ukusebenza kwamabhange ngogesi. Ngakho-ke, ugesi ufaka isandla ekwakhiweni kwemizila emisha yokuhweba futhi usiza ukuhweba emhlabeni jikelele.

6. Ukwenza ngcono ukunakekelwa kwezempilo: Ugesi udlala indima ebalulekile ekwenzeni ngcono ukunakekelwa kwezempilo. Zisetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa imishini yesikhathi, imishini yezithombe zezokwelapha, ama-ventilators, nezinye izinsimbi zezokwelapha. Ngogesi, izinga lezinsizakalo zezempilo lingathuthukiswa futhi iziguli zinganikezwa ukunakekelwa okungcono.

Ugesi uyisidingo ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke, njengoba uthinta kahle izici eziningi zempilo yethu. Kusukela ekhaya kuye ezimbonini, ezibhedlela nasezikoleni, ugesi udlala indima ebalulekile ekwenzeni ngcono izinga lempilo yethu kanye nokuthuthukisa imiphakathi.

Wasungulwa nini ugesi futhi owasungulwa ubani?

Kusukela kudatha etholakala ku-inthanethi, kuyacaca ukuthi ugesi ungenye yezinto ezindala kakhulu ezitholwe umuntu emkhakheni wesayensi. Ukusetshenziswa kukagesi kuye kwabhalwa emasikweni amaningi asendulo, njengamaGreki namaRoma, lapho ugesi wawusetshenziswa ngezinga elilinganiselwe ekuhlanzeni amanzi, ukugqugquzela imisipha, nezinye izinjongo zezokwelapha.

Nokho, ukutholakala okwaziwayo kukagesi kuhlehlela emuva ekhulwini le-18, lapho isazi sefiziksi uBenjamin Franklin sasungula igama elithi “inkokhelo kagesi” kanye nenkolelo-mbono yombani. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isazi sefilosofi saseNtaliyane uLuca Antonio Galvani senze izivivinyo eziholele ekutholakaleni kwe-conductivity kagesi kwezinye izinto, futhi lesi esinye sezigaba zokuqala zokutholwa kukagesi.

Ugesi wabe usucwaningwa idlanzana lososayensi abavelele, abanjengoMichael Faraday, André-Marie Ampère, noGeorge Simon Ohm. Ngaphezu kwalokho, usosayensi waseJalimane uHeinrich Herz wenza ukuhlola okwafakazela ukuhlobana kukagesi kukazibuthe, futhi yilokhu akubiza ngokuthi “isimiso esivamile sokushintshashintsha kwamandla.”

Kungashiwo ukuthi ukutholakala kukagesi kubuyela enqubweni yesayensi yezikhathi eziningi. Sibonga ososayensi abaningi abaye basebenza futhi bacwaninga kulo mkhakha, ukuqonda kwethu nokusebenzisa ugesi sekuthuthukisiwe kanye nokwakhiwa kobuchwepheshe obusha bokuwusebenzisa ekuphileni kwethu kwansuku zonke.

Shiya amazwana

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