Izimpawu zengqondo ze-multiple sclerosis

samar sam
2024-02-17T14:48:46+02:00
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samar samIhlolwe ngu EsraaDisemba 4, 2023Isibuyekezo sokugcina: ezinyangeni ezi-5 ezedlule

Izimpawu zengqondo ze-multiple sclerosis

Uma kukhulunywa nge-multiple sclerosis, ukunaka kuvame ukugxila ezimpawini ezingokomzimba iziguli ezingaba nazo. Kodwa-ke, kubalulekile futhi ukuqaphela izimpawu ezingokwengqondo labo abanalesi sifo abangase babe nazo.

Iziguli eziningi ezine-multiple sclerosis zithintwa imizwa yokukhathazeka nokucindezeleka. Iziguli zingahlala zikhathazekile ngekusasa lazo kanye nokuqhubeka kwesifo. Abanye bangase futhi babe nemizwa ephansi nokucindezeleka okukhulu, okuthinta izinga labo lokuphila lilonke.

Ezinye iziguli zingase zibe nenkinga yokubhekana nezinguquko zomzimba ezibhekana nazo ngenxa yalesi sifo, okuthinta ukuzethemba kwazo nokuzethemba kwazo. Bazizwa benganelisekile ngabo futhi bangase baphathwe ukuphazamiseka kobuntu.

Njengoba isikhathi sihamba futhi lesi sifo siqhubeka, izimpawu ezingokwengqondo zingakhula futhi zihlanganisa ukuzihlukanisa nomphakathi kanye nokulahlekelwa isithakazelo emisebenzini eyake yaletha injabulo kumuntu onalesi sifo.

Kubalulekile ukuthi abantu abane-multiple sclerosis basekelwe ngokwengqondo futhi bathole ukwesekwa okungokwengqondo okudingekayo kumndeni, abangani, namathimba ezokwelapha. Ukunaka isici esingokwengqondo salesi sifo kungasiza ukuthuthukisa izinga lempilo yabo futhi kuthuthukise impilo yabo yonke.

Ukuhlaselwa kwe-multiple sclerosis nokuthi kuyini ukwelashwa kwayo - ukuchazwa kwamaphupho ku-inthanethi

Yiziphi izimpawu zokuhlasela kwe-multiple sclerosis?

Ukuhlasela kwe-multiple sclerosis yisenzakalo esenzeka lapho isifo siqala ngokuzumayo futhi sikhuphuke ngobunzima esikhathini esifushane. Ukuhlaselwa kungaba nezimpawu ezihlukene futhi kuhluke phakathi kwabantu. Kodwa-ke, kunezinye izimpawu ezivamile ezingase zivele ngesikhathi sokuhlaselwa kwengqondo kwe-MS.

Enye yezimpawu eziyinhloko ukungaxhumani kahle nokunyakaza. Ukulawula ukunyakaza kungase kube nzima kakhulu futhi ukuhamba kungase kungalingani. Iziguli zingase zibe nobunzima bokulinganisela kanye nokukhubazeka kokubona.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuhlasela kwe-psychogenic MS kungahambisana nezinye izimpawu eziphazamisayo njengokukhathala, ubuthakathaka obujwayelekile, isiyezi kanye ne-vertigo, ukulunywa kwemizwa nokuluma.

Ukwazi lezi zimpawu kubalulekile ezigulini, amalungu emindeni yazo, kanye nabahlinzeki bezempilo ukuze bakhombe futhi belaphe ngempumelelo. Kufanele uthintane nodokotela ngokushesha uma ucabanga ukuthi uhlaselwa yi-multiple sclerosis.

I-multiple sclerosis iqala kanjani?

Uma kukhulunywa ngezimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis, ukutholakala kusenesikhathi kubaluleke kakhulu. Nokho, kungase kube nzima ukuqaphela ukuqala kwe-multiple sclerosis esigabeni sokuqala, njengoba izimpawu zingaba mnene kakhulu noma zifane nezezinye izifo.

Esinye sezibonakaliso zokuqala ze-multiple sclerosis umuzwa wokukhathala nokukhathala okungaqondakali. Ungase uzizwe ukhathele ngokweqile ngisho nangemva kokuphumula nokulala ngokwanele. Kungase kube nzima kwabanye abantu ukukhomba imbangela yalokhu kukhathala okuqhubekayo.

Abanye abantu bangakwazi futhi ukuzwa ukuba ndikindiki noma ubuthakathaka kwezinye izingxenye zomzimba, njengezinyawo noma izandla. Lokhu kungase kube umphumela wokulimala ezingeni lezinzwa ebuchosheni nasesimisweni sezinzwa, okwenzeka ku-neurosclerosis.

Uma ubona noma iyiphi yalezi zimpawu, kubalulekile ukubonana nodokotela ukuze ahlole isimo sakho. Ukuxilongwa kusenesikhathi kungasiza ukuqalisa ukwelashwa okufanele kanye nokuphathwa kwengqondo kwe-multiple sclerosis.

Ingabe i-multiple sclerosis ihlobene ne-psychology?

Kuyaziwa ukuthi i-multiple sclerosis yisimo esingapheli esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi. Kodwa-ke, kunobufakazi bokuthi i-multiple sclerosis ithinta nesimo sengqondo sabantu abanaso.

Ezigulini eziningi ezine-multiple sclerosis, ukushintsha kwemizwa nemizwelo kungase kwenzeke. Abantu abanalolu hlobo lokulimala bangazizwa becindezelekile, bekhathazekile futhi becindezelekile. Izinselele zansuku zonke iziguli ezibhekana nazo, njengobunzima bokunyakaza kanye nekhono lokwenza imisebenzi yansuku zonke, zingabangela ukucindezeleka kwengqondo nangokomzwelo.

Kubalulekile ukunaka isici esingokwengqondo sabantu abane-multiple sclerosis futhi ubanikeze ukwesekwa okudingekayo. Amasu anempilo njengokuprakthiza ukuzindla, ukuhlanganyela emisebenzini yokuzilibazisa, nokuxhumana nokusekelwa komphakathi kungasiza ukuthuthukisa inhlalakahle engokwengqondo yabantu abanalesi sifo.

Ungakhohlwa ukuthi uma uzizwa udangele noma ukhathazeke kakhulu, kufanele uxhumane nomhlinzeki wakho wezempilo ukuze uthole usizo olufanele.

Ingabe i-multiple sclerosis ibangela ukukhathazeka?

Impendulo ingase yehluke kumuntu nomuntu, kodwa kubantu abaningi abane-multiple sclerosis, bahlushwa imizwa yokukhathazeka nokucindezeleka ngenxa yezinselele zansuku zonke ababhekana nazo. I-Multiple sclerosis ingase ithinte ikhono lomuntu lokunyakaza nokwenza imisebenzi yansuku zonke, engabangela umuzwa wokungabi namandla nokukhathazeka.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-multiple sclerosis ingase ithinte izici ezingokomzwelo nezokuziphatha zomuntu, njengoba engase azizwe ecindezelekile noma edabukile, okungase futhi kubangele ukukhathazeka.

Uma une-multiple sclerosis futhi ukhathazekile, kubalulekile ukuthi ukhulume nodokotela wakho ukuze uthole ukwesekwa okufanele kanye nezeluleko. Udokotela wakho angase atuse amasu okulawula ukukhathazeka noma acele usizo lochwepheshe bezengqondo ukuze basize ukubhekana nokukhathazeka okuhlobene ne-multiple sclerosis.

Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani phakathi kokuhlaselwa kwe-multiple sclerosis?

Ukuhlaselwa kwe-Multiple sclerosis kuwumphumela wokulimala kwamasosha omzimba nokuhlasela kwawo isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi, futhi izimpawu nokuhlasela kuhlukaniswa ngokusekelwe emvelweni nobukhulu bazo. Ubude besikhathi phakathi kokuhlaselwa bungase buhluke kumuntu nomuntu, futhi ungase ube nokuhlaselwa njalo noma izikhathi ezinde zokudonsa amanzi phakathi kokuhlaselwa.

Ngokuvamile, ukuhlasela kwe-multiple sclerosis kwenzeka ngokuzumayo futhi kuqhubeke isikhathi esifushane, okungase kube amahora ambalwa noma izinsuku ezimbalwa, bese kuthi kancane kancane kuphele. Umuntu angase azizwe ethuthuka kancane kancane ezimpawini phakathi nalesi sikhathi, kodwa izimpawu zingase zithinteke ngendlela ehlukile ekuhlaselweni ngakunye.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ubude besikhathi bungakanani phakathi kokuhlaselwa, ukuzinakekela kanye nokwesekwa kwezokwelapha okufanele kungasiza ekulawuleni izimpawu futhi kunciphise umthelela wazo ekuphileni kwansuku zonke. Xhumana nodokotela onguchwepheshe ukuze uthole ukuxilonga okunembile kanye nohlelo lokwelapha olufanele lwesimo sakho ngasinye.

Wazi kanjani ukuthi une-multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esingelapheki esithinta amasosha omzimba. I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esivamile sezinzwa esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi. Abantu abane-MS baba nezimpawu eziningi ezihlukene, okuhlanganisa ubunzima bokuhamba, ukunyakaza okungavamile, ubuthakathaka bemisipha, nobuhlungu bemizwa, imisipha namalunga. Izimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis zivela ngokwehlukana kubantu abathintekile, njengoba isiguli singase sihlupheke ngenxa yokucindezeleka, ubuthakathaka bemisipha, ukuqina kwemisipha, ukuluma, ukuba ndikindiki noma ubuhlungu ezingxenyeni ezahlukene zomzimba. Kufanele ubone udokotela ukuze ahlonze i-multiple sclerosis futhi uthole ukwelashwa okufanele.

isithombe se-multiple sclerosis 8col 1996304 001 - Ukuchazwa kwamaphupho ku-inthanethi

Yiziphi izifo ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis?

Ziningi izifo ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis ngokwezimpawu kanye nomthelela empilweni yengqondo. Phakathi kwalezi zifo:

  1. Ukukhathala okungamahlalakhona: Ukukhathala okungamahlalakhona kubonakala ngemizwa evamile yokukhathala okukhulu nokukhathala, futhi kungase kuthinte kabi isimo sakho sengqondo kanye nekhono lakho lokugxilisa ingqondo.
  2. Ukucindezeleka: Ukucindezeleka kubangela imizwa yokudabuka njalo kanye nokulahlekelwa isithakazelo ezintweni ezazijabulisa esikhathini esidlule, futhi kungaholela ezingeni eliphansi lamandla nokuzinakekela.
  3. Ukukhathazeka: I-Multiple sclerosis ingahambisana nokukhathazeka okuqhubekayo nokukhathazeka ngokweqile, okungathinta ikhono lokuphumula nokubhekana nezinselele zansuku zonke.
  4. Ukuphazamiseka kokulala: Ukuphazamiseka kokulala kungase kuvame kubantu abane-multiple sclerosis, futhi kuhlanganisa ukuqwasha nokuvuka njalo ebusuku.
  5. Isimo esiphansi: I-Multiple sclerosis ingaholela esimweni esiphansi, imizwa yokucindezeleka, kanye nokucindezeleka okuvamile.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi lezi zifo akuzona ngempela i-multiple sclerosis, kodwa ngezinye izikhathi ziyefana nezimpawu zaso kanye nomthelela empilweni yengqondo. Kubalulekile ukubonisana nodokotela ukuze uhlole ngokunembile isimo futhi uthole ukwelashwa okufanele.

Itholwa nini i-multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esizimele esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esiyinhloko, esithinta imizwa nomgogodla. Nakuba singekho isikhathi esiqondile sokusibona, kunezimpawu ezithile ezingabonisa ukuba khona kwalesi sifo.

Kunzima ukucacisa ukuqala kwalesi sifo, njengoba izimpawu zingakhula kancane kancane ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ungase uqaphele ezinye izimpawu zokuqala ezinjengobuthakathaka bemisipha, ukukhathala, nokuba ndikindiki emaphethelweni. Lezi zimpawu zingase zibe mnene ekuqaleni, kodwa ziba zimbi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Lesi sifo sivame ukutholakala ngemva kokuvela kwezimpawu zokukhathala noma ubuthakathaka ohlelweni lwezinzwa. Ungase udinge ukuhlolwa nokuskena ukuze uqinisekise ukuxilongwa, okuhlanganisa i-MRI nokuhlolwa koketshezi lwe-cerebrospinal.

Kubalulekile ukuthi uhlale uthintana nodokotela wakho futhi ubike noma yiziphi izinguquko empilweni yakho yonke. Uma uzwa noma yiziphi izimpawu ezingavamile noma usola inkinga yezempilo, qiniseka ukuthi ubona udokotela wakho ukuze ahlole isimo futhi uthole ukwelashwa okufanele.

Ingabe i-multiple sclerosis ibangela ubuhlungu beqolo?

I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esingelapheki esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esiyinhloko futhi singabangela izimpawu ezihlukahlukene. Phakathi kwalezi zimpawu ezingenzeka, ubuhlungu obungemuva bungase bube ngomunye wabo.

Kwezinye izimo, iziguli ezine-multiple sclerosis zithola ubuhlungu emuva ngenxa yomphumela wesifo ohlelweni lwezinzwa oluphakathi. I-Multiple sclerosis ingathinta izinzwa ezilawula ukusebenza komzimba, okuhlanganisa ingemuva kanye nezitho ezitholakalayo.

Nokho, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi ubuhlungu emuva kungase kube umphumela wezinye izici, njengokucindezeleka kwengqondo noma imisipha eqinile. Ngakho-ke, iziguli ezine-multiple sclerosis ziyelulekwa ukuthi zithintane nodokotela abangochwepheshe ukuze zinqume imbangela yobuhlungu futhi zithuthukise uhlelo olufanele lokwelapha.

Kuhle ukusho ukuthi kunezinketho zokwelapha ezitholakalayo zokubhekana nobuhlungu beqolo obuhambisana ne-multiple sclerosis, njengokwelashwa ngokomzimba, ukuvivinya umzimba okufanele, nokufunda amasu okuqeqesha ingqondo. Kunconywa ukuzivocavoca njalo futhi ugcine indlela yokuphila enempilo ukuze usekele umhlane futhi unciphise izimpawu ezihlobene ne-multiple sclerosis.

Ingabe i-multiple sclerosis iyayithinta inkulumo?

Uma kukhulunywa nge-multiple sclerosis, kungathinta izici eziningi ezahlukahlukene zempilo yansuku zonke. Enye yalezi zici inkulumo. Abantu abaningi abane-multiple sclerosis banobunzima ekukhulumeni nasekukhulumeni ngamazwi.

I-Multiple sclerosis ingaholela ekuziphatheni okungavamile emisipheni ebangela ukunyakaza kolimi nomlomo, okwenza inkulumo ingahlangani futhi kube nzima ukuyiqonda. Ungase uzizwe ucasukile futhi unamahloni lapho ungakwazi ukuveza lokho okucabangayo ngokucacile.

Nokho, ezinye izinyathelo zingathathwa ukubhekana nalobu bunzima. Izindlela zokuthuthukisa inkulumo nokuphefumula zingaba usizo ekwehliseni imiphumela emibi enkulumeni. Ukuzivocavoca okuqinisa imisipha kungase futhi kusize ukuthuthukisa ukunyakaza nokulawula ulimi nomlomo.

Nakuba i-multiple sclerosis ingase ibe nomthelela ekukhulumeni, akusho ukuthi kufanele kube nokukhungatheka. Abantu abane-multiple sclerosis bangafunda futhi basebenzise ezinye izindlela zokuxhumana njengezinsiza zokukhuluma nezinhlelo zokusebenza zokubhala ukuze kugcinwe ukuxhumana kushelela.

Ngakho-ke, uma uhlushwa yi-multiple sclerosis futhi ukuthola kunzima ukukhuluma, asikho isidingo sokuphelelwa ithemba. Kunezindlela ezahlukene ongazihlola ukuze ubhekane nalezi zinkinga futhi ugcine ukuxhumana okusebenzayo.

Ingabe ukhona oseluleme ku-multiple sclerosis?

Ngeshwa, alikabikho ikhambi eliphelele le-multiple sclerosis. Lesi sifo esingapheli sithinta isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi futhi ngokuvamile sikhula kancane ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Kodwa-ke, iziguli zingaphila impilo enhle, ekhiqizayo ne-multiple sclerosis ngokulawula izimpawu nokugcina impilo enhle.

Kunezindlela eziningana zokubhekana ne-multiple sclerosis ngokwengqondo. Ukufuna ukusekelwa ngokwengqondo nenhlalakahle kubangani nomndeni kungaba usizo ekubhekaneni nezinselele zansuku zonke kanye nokubhekana nezinguquko empilweni. Ukubonisana nodokotela wezengqondo oqeqeshiwe kungase kudingeke, njengoba benganikeza ukusekelwa nesiqondiso ezigulini namalungu omndeni wazo.

Nakuba i-multiple sclerosis inzima, lisekhona ithemba. Ucwaningo nokwelashwa kuhlala kuthuthukiswa, futhi kungase ngolunye usuku kulethe ukwelashwa okuphelele noma ngisho nokwelapha. Okwamanje, iziguli kufanele zigxile ekulawuleni izimpawu futhi ziphile ngenothi elihle ukuze zibe nempilo engcono kakhulu ngangokunokwenzeka.

Ingabe ukudabuka kuthinta iziguli ezine-multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esingelapheki esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esiyinhloko, futhi ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi izici ezingokwengqondo zingadlala indima ebalulekile ekuthuthukiseni nasekubhebhethekeni kwalesi sifo.

Lapho iziguli zithola ukudabuka okungapheli, lokhu kungase kuthinte kabi isimo sazo esingokwengqondo nesengqondo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukudabuka kungase kwandise ukucindezeleka nokukhathazeka, ekugcineni kube kubi kakhulu izimpawu ze-multiple sclerosis.

Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukuzizwa ujabule futhi wanelisekile kungaba nomthelela ekwenzeni ngcono isimo seziguli ezine-multiple sclerosis. Ukuzizwa unethemba futhi unethemba kusiza ukunciphisa ukucindezeleka, kuthuthukise impilo yengqondo, futhi kuthuthukise izinga lempilo.

Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuthi iziguli ezine-multiple sclerosis zizame ukubhekana kahle nemizwelo engalungile nokudabuka, futhi zilwele ukuphumula nokwazisa izici ezinhle zokuphila kwazo. Kungase futhi kube usizo kubo ukubheka amasu okulawula ukucindezeleka, njengokuzindla noma ukuvivinya umzimba okulula.

Ingabe i-neuritis multiple sclerosis?

I-Multiple sclerosis yisifo esingelapheki esithinta isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi, okuhlanganisa ubuchopho nomgogodla. Nakuba izimbangela zalesi sifo zingakaziwa ngokugcwele, i-neuritis ayisona i-multiple sclerosis.

Nokho, kunocwaningo oluthile olusikisela ukuthi ukungenwa yizinzwa kungabangela izimpawu ezifana ne-multiple sclerosis, njengobuthakathaka bemisipha, ukuba ndikindiki nokukhubazeka ingxenye. Uma uzwa noma iyiphi yalezi zimpawu, kubalulekile ukuthi uxhumane nodokotela ukuze uthole ukuxilongwa okunembile kanye nokwelashwa okufanele.

Nakuba kungase kube nzima ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwe-multiple sclerosis kanye ne-neuritis ngokusekelwe ezimpawu zodwa, ukuhlolwa kwezokwelapha okufana ne-MRIs nokuhlolwa kwegazi kungasiza ekunqumeni ukuxilongwa okulungile.

Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi ukwelashwa okufanele kuyahlukahluka kakhulu phakathi kwe-multiple sclerosis kanye ne-neuritis, ngakho-ke kuyadingeka ukubonana nodokotela onguchwepheshe ukuze uthole ukuxilongwa okunembile kanye nokwelashwa okudingekayo.

Ingabe i-multiple sclerosis ivela ku-MRI?

Lapho kwenziwa ukuskena kwe-MRI ukuze kuhlonzwe i-multiple sclerosis, ezinye izimpawu ezicashile nezinguquko zingase zivele ezithombeni ezithathwayo. Kodwa-ke, i-MRI scan iyodwa ayikwazi ukukhomba ngokucacile i-multiple sclerosis, futhi idinga ukuqinisekiswa kokuxilongwa nokuqonda ezinye izimpawu zayo ngokubonisana nodokotela.

I-MRI ibonisa izinguquko ezithile ezihambisana nesifo sokuqina kwemithambo yegazi, njengokuba khona kwe-sclerosis ebuchosheni kanye nezintambo ezihlukahlukene zezinzwa. I-Fibrosis nokwandiswa kwezicubu zezinzwa, kanye noshintsho kusayizi wezindawo ezithile zobuchopho, kungase kuvele. Kodwa-ke, lezi zinguquko aziqondile futhi azigcini nje kuphela ku-multiple sclerosis, futhi zingenzeka nakwezinye izimo zemizwa.

Sekukonke, ukuskena kwe-MRI kungaba usizo njengethuluzi elengeziwe lokuxilonga le-multiple sclerosis, kodwa akusona ukuphela kwesici esisetshenziselwa ukunquma ukuxilongwa kokugcina. Ukuhlonza i-psychogenic MS kudinga ukuhlaziywa okuphelele kwezimpawu nokunye ukuhlola, nokubonisana nodokotela abangochwepheshe bezifo zemizwa.

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